"Standard Arithmetic", by William J. Milne. 459 pages. Illus. In b/w. Aims to secure two results: skill in numerical computations, and an understanding of the reasons for the steps in the explanation of processes and the solution of problems. Gold ink stamped on brown spine. Letters stamped on front cover are just impressed but not colored. Inside front cover written in black ink states "Aletha Jacobs/ Independence/Iowa/ Eighth Grade." Front cover is detached.