1977.27.1 (Badge, Ephemera)

1977.27.1 (Badge, Ephemera) image

Women's Relief Corps. Gold synthetic. From top to bottom of badge, in black ink reads "THIRTY-SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION", an American bald eagle holding two United States flags in its claws with two medals on opposite ends of a banner which reads "Woman's Relief Corps Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic". A United States flag is then illustrated with "One Country, One Language, One Flag" and "AMERICA FOR AMERICANS", directly beneath it. "Columbus, Ohio Sept. 9, 10, 11, 1919" and "NATIONAL DELEGATE'. This badge is for the Iowa Woman's Relief Corps (W. R. C.), a club that originated in 1879 as a secret society of women in Massachusetts that were going to remain loyal to the North during and after the Civil War. There were only two qualifications to join the corps: ability to prove loyalty to the north, and to be a woman. It did not matter where the members lived because there were several different posts across the United States. It also did not matter the color of her skin, many posts included African American Women as members. In 1883, the W. R. C. was formally recognized and accepted as a legit society. This badge was given to a delegate to wear during the 37th National Convention in Columbus, Ohio from September 9-11, 1919.

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1977.27.1 (Badge, Ephemera) image